REGENERATION AND SPATIAL PLANNING
– Multi-stage social survey
– International benchmark analysis of design solutions for socially mixed neighbourhoods (in partnership with The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)
Client: PIK, Moscow Government
Around 10% of Moscow residents currently live in housing built during the mass construction era of the 1950-1960s. While the flats in these 5-storey blocks made a great difference for those who had relocated from shared multifamily accommodation, they no longer meet the demands of 21st century Muscovites. Physical ageing of the buildings, tiny kitchens, and a lack of elevators or proper soundproofing call for immediate action to improve the living conditions of over a million residents.
In 2017, the Mayor of Moscow launched voting among homeowners to identify the homes to be demolished and replaced by modern urban blocks. The Renovation Programme will run until 2032. At the moment, 20 planning and developer consortia are showcasing ideas for the design of several pilot areas (100-135 ha each).
As part of a team led by one of the largest developers in Russia – PIK – we conducted a multi-stage social survey in Kuzminki district to identify the unique and most-needed functions of the future neighbourhood as well as the existing socio-economic risks and challenges.Over 300 residents were involved in either short surveys or extended interviews.While over 70% of respondents are currently satisfied with local commercial, transport and educational infrastructure, around 60% have serious concerns about the quietness and security of the neighbourhood and the lack of entertainment opportunities.
Only a limited number of public service facilities, retail stores and sports centers are available within walking distance. More local public space is required, even though 80% of residents already have “favourite or memorable places” in the area. Regarding the spatial structure of Kuzminki district, the eastern part appears to be more balanced in terms of facilities and services provided, as the residents of the western part tend to spend their free time there. Over 65% of residents would be happy to continue living in Kuzminki. However, traffic congestion, growing numbers of migrants and insufficient maintenance of public areas remain of primary concern.
The survey results and international benchmark analysis of the planning solutions for mixed-income and ethnically mixed communities were integrated into PIK’s design proposals. The project aims at making Kuzminki a thriving urban center with a range of local housing, job and entertainment opportunities and a network of safe, well-lit public spaces. State financial support will facilitate SME activity and establish a regulated rental housing market. Architectural solutions will involve varying building heights and introducing new landmarks to creat a sense of local identity. The relocation of residents into their new homes will be delivered in 8 phases, each 3 years long.